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The editors at Best School Counseling Degrees decided to research the topic of:
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF HAZING
As long ago as 1684, students were getting expelled for hazing, and many laws have been put into place to eradicate the practice, yet to this day we continue to see news coverage of horrific hazing rituals gone bad.
Force (a new or potential recruit to the military, a college fraternity, etc.) to perform strenuous, humiliating, or dangerous tasks.
THE ORIGIN OF HAZING
- Sixth century BC, Emperor Justinian of Byzantine outlawed the hazing of 1st year law students.
- Practice eradicated until middle ages, when college students found Justinian's Decree and started hazing students again.
HERE TO STAY!There are many psychological principles behind hazing that keep it relevant today!
- "It Won't Happen To Me"
- People suffer from "illusion of control" tend to believe they have more control over outcomes than they really do.
- Tend to join groups thinking they won't let themselves get into hazing situation.
- "Foot in the Door"
- Once group gets you to commit, the need for consistency keeps you saying yes to every small step.
- "If i did this, why not live with group for a week and do their laundry"
- "Its Too Late Now"
- By the time people realize they are being hazed they continue because they've made it this far and cannot get back the time.
- "It Was Worth It"
- Justifying the experience of hazing and doing hard work to join is said to create value.
- "Creates Cohesiveness"
- "Pledges experience a sense of kinship"
- Creates "Us Vs. Them" attitude against those who don't pledge.
- "The Need To Give Back"
- Members feel hazing is essential, and must do it to new recruits for them to be accepted.
TOP HAZING TECHNIQUES
- Iconic symbol of fraternity hazing
- 2007, 2 fraternity members were given 2 years in prison for striking pledge over 200 times with wooden cane at Florida A&M
- WATER OVERDOSE
- New York, 2003, pledge forced to drink pitchers of water, his brain swelled and died from water intoxication.
- ALCOHOL CHUG
- California Polytechnic State University, pledge forced to drink large amount of alcohol in 90 minutes and died.
- Over 250,000 college students have been hazed.
- 5% of all college students admit to being hazed.
- 60% agree that it is important to tolerate psychological stress and 32% believe it is important to tolerate physical pain.
- 36% say they would not report a hazing primarily because "there's no one to tell" and 27% feel that "adults won't handle it right."
People are more likely to be hazed if they know someone else who has been hazed.